Qualifying a hike is naturally easy. Depending on our state of mind, we often do it intuitively. Mild weather conditions, volunteer hiking companions and pleasant landscapes can influence our perception, as can our physical fitness, the small energy bar or the hot drink taken at the right time. All these elements are small pleasures that soften the steep slopes. Exit the drops of sweat on the forehead, the slippery stretches of trail or the monotonous kilometers between two viewpoints.


On the contrary, if one or more sources of well-being do not have the desired quality, our appreciation of the trail can be significantly influenced. Thus, a path described as easy under the sun becomes difficult, or even very difficult, with uncomfortable shoes or in the rain. This is a qualitative dimension that is very evolutionary. The challenge is to separate the qualitative from the quantitative. In other words, to separate the walker’s walk from the trail on which he walked.


A few years ago, a trail with the same physical characteristics was easy in Gaspésie National Park, but considered difficult in Oka National Park. This divergent appreciation of the trail was based on the fact that the qualification of the trail was rather a qualification of the hike. The message that park officials wanted to send to hikers was that the most difficult trail was Trail X. At the park level, this can be defended quite well, but across the national park system, it was becoming incomprehensible to hikers.


Ideally, the trail manager tries to objectively qualify his trails rather than subjectively qualify them, so that they can provide hikers with the most accurate information possible so that they can make a hiking choice that matches their aspirations. The hiker will then be able to prepare adequately in order to keep a smile throughout his outing.


The secret is in the choice of criteria that will make up the classification parameters


The Sepaq hiking trails are classified uniformly using an in-house method. It is based on factual criteria such as distance, height difference and travel time.

Hiking - degrees of difficulty

1st – Distance

  • Easy: less than 4 km
  • Intermediate: between 4 km and 10 km
  • Difficult: more than 10 km

2nd – Time

  • Easy: maximum 2 hours
  • Intermediate: maximum 5 hours
  • Difficult: more than 5 hours

3rd – Leveled

  • Intermediate: 100m to 300m
  • Difficult: more than 300m

4th – Slope

  • Easy: less than 10%
  • Intermediate: between 10% and 20%
  • Difficult: more than 20%

Difference between the lowest point and the highest point of a trail.

Of these criteria, it takes a minimum of three to categorize a trail into either category: easy, intermediate or difficult.

As a last resort, the quality of the walking surface and the proximity of trailside services can be considered when classifying a trail.


  • Accessible to all, without special preparation
  • Uninitiated
  • Slope of 10% or less
  • Distance between two access points of 5 km or less
  • Maximum 2 hours walk
  • Level below 100 m
  • Without specific equipment


  • Accessibility to all, but with preparation
  • Insider hiker
  • Slope of 15% on average
  • Distance between two access points of about 10 km or less
  • Maximum 2 hours to 5 hours walk
  • Level between 100m and 300m
  • Requires water, lunch, some warm clothes
  • Requires wearing a walking shoe


  • Accessible to a certain category of hikers
  • Very fit insider
  • Steep trail, which can exceed 25% slope in places
  • Distance between two access points of more than 10 km
  • Mountain route, walk surface that can be uncomfortable
  • More than 5 hours of walking
  • Leveled above 300 m
  • Requires water, lunch, some warm clothes, a map and a lamp
  • Requires wearing a walking boot